Saharan Dust Forecast To Return Next Week. Air Quality To Be Reduced.

Most islands across the Eastern Caribbean are experiencing good air quality levels, based on U.S. standards as of 2:00 PM Friday 4th October 2019. A surge of Saharan Dust is forecast to move across the Lesser Antilles, bringing hazy skies and reduced air quality across T&T. Air quality is forecast to be reduced to moderate levels beginning on Monday and lingering through the week. Sensitive groups and those with respiratory ailments are advised to take the necessary precautions.

Presently, minimal concentrations of Saharan Dust are present across Trinidad and Tobago, with air quality at good levels. Across the remainder of the Eastern Caribbean, air quality is at good levels.

Note that the Environmental Management Agency (EMA) air quality monitoring stations are presently recording AQI values at moderate levels, based on T&T’s air quality standards, while other air quality monitoring stations are reporting air quality at good levels, based on United States standards.

Visibility across Trinidad and Tobago remains at 10 Kilometers and above.

Air Quality Index at Environmental Management Agency's (EMA) Air Quality Monitoring Stations Across Trinidad. Note these AQI values are to Trinidad and Tobago air quality standards.
Air Quality Index at Environmental Management Agency‘s (EMA) Air Quality Monitoring Stations Across Trinidad. Note these AQI values are to Trinidad and Tobago air quality standards.

What we expect

Based on the latest dust modeling, dust concentrations are forecast to increase on Monday across Trinidad and Tobago and the remainder of the Lesser Antilles through the week. Air quality is forecast to degrade to moderate levels.

00Z October 4th, 2019 CAMS Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Tropical Atlantic Dust Aerosol Optical Depth showing the thicker plumes of Saharan Dust mainly remaining across the Eastern Atlantic. Credit: Weathermodels.com
00Z October 4th, 2019 CAMS Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Tropical Atlantic Dust Aerosol Optical Depth showing the thicker plumes of Saharan Dust mainly remaining across the Eastern Atlantic. Credit: Weathermodels.com
5-Day Air Quality Index (based on United States EPA Standards), Saharan Dust Forecast For Trinidad and Tobago. Saharan Dust is forecast increase across Trinidad and Tobago next week.
5-Day Air Quality Index (based on United States EPA Standards), Saharan Dust Forecast For Trinidad and Tobago. Saharan Dust is forecast increase across Trinidad and Tobago next week.

Generally, through the next 5 days, air quality is forecast to degrade from good to moderate levels across Trinidad and Tobago.

What does this mean for you?

For the general population through Sunday, little to no impacts are forecast. For sensitive groups, such as children, the elderly and persons who suffer from respiratory ailments and allergies, you may need to avoid prolonged exertion outdoors. Mild to moderate concentrations of Saharan Dust forecast. See below for more detail.

Good Air Quality

Good Air Quality

AQI – 0 to 50

What does this mean for you?

At this level, air quality is considered satisfactory, and air pollution poses little or no risk to public health. It’s a great day to be active outside.

Who needs to be concerned?

No one.

What should you do?

Sensitive Groups: Sensitive groups, children and the elderly do not need special protection.

Air purification: It is recommended to run an air purifier in auto-mode, so it automatically reacts to changes in air quality.

Ventilation: It is good for ventilation.

Masks: No masks are needed.

Outdoor Activity: Very suitable for outdoor exercise and activities.  

Moderate Air Quality

Moderate Air Quality

AQI – 51 to 100

What does this mean for you?

Air quality is acceptable; however, for some pollutants, there may be a moderate health concern for a very small number of people who are unusually sensitive to air pollution.

Who needs to be concerned?

Unusually sensitive people: Consider reducing prolonged or heavy exertion. Watch for symptoms such as coughing or shortness of breath. These are signs to take it easier.

Everyone else: It’s a good day to be active outside.

What should you do?

Sensitive Groups: Sensitive groups such as those with respiratory ailments, children and the elderly are advised to reduce outdoor physical exertion, and reduce the time of their stay outdoors, especially in areas with heavy traffic.

Air purification: At this level, the air is slightly polluted. It is recommended to turn on your air purifier, running at a low level, at a minimum.

Ventilation: Please close windows, as the air is slightly polluted.

Masks: Wearing a mask during outdoor activity is recommended, particularly in areas with heavy traffic.

Outdoor Activity: It is recommended to stay indoors and avoid outdoor exercise.

The concentration of the dust that follows the wave depends on the strength of the wave as it moves off the West African Coast. This is because of stronger thunderstorms across Central Africa. As strong winds move downward and outward from these thunderstorms, the wind kicks up dust as it moves across parts of the Saharan Desert and transports it into the upper atmosphere. This “plume” of dust follows the axis of the wave as it progresses westward into the Atlantic.

Larger, more concentrated plumes of Saharan dust begin to occur in April and continue through November.

We’re in a period where the ITCZ and tropical waves shield Trinidad and Tobago from the Saharan Dust events. While tropical waves play a notable role in moving dust across the Atlantic and the Eastern Caribbean, as we move through July into September, these frequent tropical waves also aid in improving air quality.

Sensitive groups such as persons with respiratory ailments, children, the elderly and cardiopulmonary disease should take the necessary precautions on days where dust concentrations degrade air quality to moderate.

Saharan Dust Precautions
Saharan Dust Precautions
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