Image courtesy BrohavWeatherFax
— Tropical Wave 29: This tropical wave is located well west of the Lesser Antilles and northwest of Trinidad and Tobago. It has been designated as Invest 95L by the National Hurricane Center which is monitoring this area of low pressure for tropical development. As of 8:00 PM, Invest 95L has low chances of development over the next 5 days. No direct impacts to T&T, though there is still some influence on our wind field, albeit waning.
— Tropical Wave 30: This tropical wave is located in the east of Trinidad and Tobago. It is forecast to move across T&T and the Lesser Antilles overnight. Unfavorable conditions are present for shower and thunderstorm development.
— Tropical Wave 31: This tropical wave is located in the Central Atlantic. There is no operational model support for tropical cyclone development. This wave is forecast to move across the Lesser Antilles Thursday into Friday. Model analysis is showing a dry mid-level atmoshpere during it’s traverse over the region, limiting heavy showers and thunderstorms. A slight increase in showers are forecast.
— Tropical Wave 32: This strong tropical wave has is located Eastern Atlantic Ocean. It is forecast to move across the Lesser Antilles by the end of next weekend. Over the course of today, this wave has gained model support from the top models for tropical development and is now being monitored by the National Hurricane Center for tropical cyclone formation. Medium chances of development over the next 5 days.
Before we dive into the Tropical Updates on the tropical waves, a few notes:
- Tropical waves are a normal part of the rainy season.
- Not every tropical wave will form into a tropical cyclone.
- Tropical waves at the beginning of the Hurricane Season are typically weak, producing more rainfall across Eastern parts of the islands with mostly cloudy conditions and a few showers across western parts of the islands.
- Rainfall will be more isolated and intermittent with weaker tropical waves that do not have ITCZ or upper-level support.
- Saharan Dust may weaken tropical waves.
You can read more about the weather associated with Tropical Waves, as well as what to expect as these waves move through the region below.
Tropical Wave 29/Invest 95L
Tropical Wave 29 is located in the Central Atlantic, along 70/71W, moving west at approximately 10-15 knots. Scattered moderate convection is over the Leeward Islands, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, NW Venezuela, and N Colombia. A portion of this wave is forecast to move west-northwest during the next several days towards the Bahamas. Conditions could become marginally conducive for development late this week when the disturbance moves near Florida and the northwestern Bahamas.
This strong tropical wave has brought inclement weather to much of the Lesser Antilles on Saturday through today. Street/flash flooding was reported across numerous islands across the Eastern Caribbean, with gusty winds during thunderstorms.
Much welcome rainfall occurred, with some islands recording between 50 millimeters to 75 millimeters. Isolated areas, mainly offshore, got up to 200 millimeters of rainfall.
This tropical wave is being monitored by the National Hurricane Center for tropical cyclone development as of 8:00 PM Tuesday 30th July 2019. As of present, it was given a 0% chance of development over the next 48 hours and a 10% chance over the next 5 days, as it moves northwestward.
The wave known as Invest 95L weakened on Monday while traversing the northeast Caribbean, known as the “hurricane graveyard” for its tendency toward strong wind shear and dry air. Squally weather was increasing across eastern parts of the Greater Antilles, though. 95L could produce localized downpours as it moves across the Greater Antilles from Tuesday to Wednesday. A flash flood watch is in effect for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands through at least Tuesday night.
Shower activity associated with a tropical wave over the eastern Caribbean Sea remains disorganized. This system is expected to move west-northwestward with no significant development, producing locally heavy rainfall over Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and portions of the southeastern Bahamas during the next few days. Over the weekend, conditions could become a little more conducive for development when the disturbance moves near Florida and the central and northwestern Bahamas.
Tropical Wave 30
Tropical Wave 30 is located in the Central Atlantic, along 56W, 20N southward to 4N, moving west at approximately 20 knots. Scattered showers are within 180 nautical miles of the wave axis.
This tropical wave is forecast to begin affecting Trinidad, Tobago, and the Southern Windwards over the next few hours.
Unfavorable conditions will limit shower and thunderstorm development. Isolated showers and isolated thunderstorms are still possible, favoring Trinidad, interrupting mostly cloudy skies.
Why I May Not/Will Not See Constant Rainfall?
A frequent complaint is the forecast is wrong because I didn’t experience any rainfall. Scattered showers mean that you, individually, may experience some showers intermittently throughout the day and there is a higher chance for this activity than isolated activity.
Generally, because of winds associated with tropical waves, showers and thunderstorms tend to follow a west-northwest track, generally missing areas across Southwestern Trinidad and even Northwestern Trinidad – though activity due to local climatic effects such as daytime heating may trigger shower and thunderstorm development across these areas. See the below graphic for a simple explanation.
With Tropical Wave 30, mostly isolated activity is forecast. Hence, we are likely to see isolated showers and thunderstorms, interrupting partly cloudy to overcast skies overnight tonight into Wednesday.
Tropical Wave 31
Tropical Wave 31 is located in the Central/Eastern Atlantic, along 44/45W, 22N southward to 4N, moving west at approximately 15 knots. This tropical wave is forecast to move across the Lesser Antilles Thursday into Friday, bringing increased chances of showers and the isolated thunderstorm.
However, based on present model guidance, moisture at mid-levels of the atmosphere may be less than optimal, inhibiting deep convection from development. Still, shallow convection may become heavy at times but the chances for thunderstorms remain low. Additional updates to follow in our next tropical update, tomorrow.
Tropical Wave 32/Invest 96L
Tropical Wave 32 is located in the Far Eastern Atlantic, along 28W, 04-19N, moving west at approximately 20 knots. This tropical wave is forecast to move across the Lesser Antilles late next weekend.
There’s a bit more potential for the next wave to develop. Located in the eastern tropical Atlantic on Tuesday, this disturbance will enter progressively more favorable conditions as it moves west-northwest. From the Tuesday morning models runs, about 30% of European ensemble members and a majority of GFS members show some development of this wave as it approaches the Leeward Islands in the 6- to 8-day time frame.
A general northwestward track beyond that point is plausible, as suggested by the extended-range GFS and European operational runs, but the system’s fate by then would hinge on its exact track and strength, potential land interactions, and weather features that are too far ahead to pin down with any confidence.
Scattered moderate to strong showers and thunderstorms are occurring near the wave axis, with some noticeable spin.
Models, as of the 12Z and 18Z runs on Tuesday evening, keep this system as a tropical depression or minimal tropical storm as it nears the Lesser Antilles next weekend. It is definitely too soon to tell the exact track of this system. However, based on large scale steering patters, as this system nears the Lesser Antilles, a west-northwest path is possible. Islands as south as Barbados to as north as the Greater Antilles need to monitor this system closely.
This is a wave to keep an eye on due to its already impressive appearance. Additional updates in our next tropical update tomorrow.
As of the 8:00 PM Tuesday 30th July 2019 tropical update, there is a 40% chance of tropical cyclone formation over the next 5 days.
These tropical waves are likely benefitting from the rising motion at upper levels provided by a large-scale feature called a convectively coupled Kelvin wave (CCKW) moving across the region, as noted by Philippe Papin (Naval Research Laboratory) on Friday.
Tropical Cyclone Climatology
Tropical Cyclone Points of Origin during the month of July. This month, the attention goes to tropical waves moving across the Atlantic, particularly as they near the Lesser Antilles, as well as low-pressure systems in the Gulf of Mexico and troughs Southeast of the United States.
In July, we turn our eyes to East of the Lesser Antilles, the Southeastern areas of the United States and the Gulf of Mexico for the formation of tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Basin, historically. However, tropical cyclones can form in the Atlantic Basin, without regard for the location once conditions support development. Stay updated with the latest tropical update!
There are NO tropical cyclone threats to the Eastern Caribbean, including Trinidad and Tobago at this time in the latest Tropical Update.