Over the next 10 days, as tropical cyclone activity remains active in the Atlantic Basin, T&T will continue to be shielded from Saharan Dust.
However, very low concentrations of dust are still forecast to be present through the forecast period, with no major impact on air quality across the country.
Over the last 24 hours, air quality has been good with visibility near and above 10 kilometers across Trinidad and Tobago. The Environmental Management Agency (EMA) air quality monitoring stations are recording AQI values at levels that are good across the country. These measurements are based on PM2.5 (particulates the size of 2.5 micrometers and smaller, usually associated with increases in Saharan Dust, vehicle exhaust, and smoke) and PM10 particulates.
The Saharan Dust Forecast
Tropical cyclones have continued to keep Saharan Dust concentrations at bay across the Lesser Antilles, with only minimal concentrations moving across the island chain over the last few weeks.
Model guidance suggests a mild surge is ongoing now, with concentrations diminishing by Saturday 25th September 2021. Concentrations are forecast to very slightly increase again by Wednesday 29th September 2021 but this is dependent on the passage of a tropical cyclone to the northeast of the Lesser Antilles. A slower passage would result in a delayed arrival of this surge later next week.
Still, that surge of dust will be short-lived, mainly affecting islands north of Trinidad and Tobago through the end of next week.
What does this mean for you?
Over the next 10 days, air quality is forecast to remain at mostly good levels. However, during high traffic periods, particularly between 6:00 AM and 9:00 AM, and again during 3:00 PM through 6:30 PM, air quality may dip to moderate levels in localized areas.
For sensitive groups, such as children, the elderly, and persons who suffer from respiratory ailments and allergies, you may need to avoid prolonged exertion outdoors during these high traffic periods.
We’re in a period where the ITCZ, tropical cyclones, and tropical waves may shield Trinidad and Tobago from significant dust events. While tropical waves play a notable role in moving dust across the Atlantic and the Eastern Caribbean, these periodic tropical waves also improve air quality.
The concentration of the dust that follows the wave depends on the strength of the wave as it moves off the West African Coast. This is because of stronger thunderstorms across Central Africa. As strong winds move downward and outward from these thunderstorms, the wind kicks up dust as it moves across parts of the Saharan Desert and transports it into the upper atmosphere. This “plume” of dust follows the axis of the wave as it progresses westward into the Atlantic.
Dust that makes it into the upper levels of the atmosphere can then get transported across the Atlantic Ocean. The plumes of dust eventually affect the Eastern Caribbean.
Larger, more concentrated plumes of dust begin to occur in April and continue through November.