Air quality is forecast to be at mostly good levels through the next 5 days as Saharan Dust concentrations between T&T and Western Africa remain low. However, a surge of dust is forecast to move off the African Coast on Monday, and arrive across the Lesser Antilles by the weekend
Over the last 24 hours, air quality has been good with visibility near and above 10 kilometers across Trinidad and Tobago. The Environmental Management Agency (EMA) air quality monitoring stations are recording AQI values at levels that are good across the country. These measurements are based on PM2.5 (particulates the size of 2.5 micrometers and smaller, usually associated with increases in Saharan Dust, vehicle exhaust, and smoke) and PM10 particulates.
The Saharan Dust Forecast
Little to no Saharan Dust is forecast across Trinidad and Tobago over the next 5 days. Low dust concentrations are due to multiple tropical disturbances, tropical waves, and the ITCZ limiting dust from moving across T&T.
A surge of dust, following a very strong tropical wave, is moving off the African coast within the next 24 hours, forecast to move across the Atlantic and arrive across the Lesser Antilles by mid- to late Friday and persist into the weekend.
What does this mean for you?
For the general population, with moderate Saharan dust concentrations forecast, little to no impacts are forecast beyond hazy skies. For sensitive groups, such as children, the elderly, and persons who suffer from respiratory ailments and allergies, you may need to avoid prolonged exertion outdoors on days with high concentrations of Saharan Dust.
We’re in a period where the ITCZ and tropical waves may shield Trinidad and Tobago from significant dust events. While tropical waves play a notable role in moving dust across the Atlantic and the Eastern Caribbean, these periodic tropical waves also improve air quality.
The concentration of the dust that follows the wave depends on the strength of the wave as it moves off the West African Coast. This is because of stronger thunderstorms across Central Africa. As strong winds move downward and outward from these thunderstorms, the wind kicks up dust as it moves across parts of the Saharan Desert and transports it into the upper atmosphere. This “plume” of dust follows the axis of the wave as it progresses westward into the Atlantic.
Dust that makes it into the upper levels of the atmosphere can then get transported across the Atlantic Ocean. The plumes of dust eventually affect the Eastern Caribbean.
Larger, more concentrated plumes of dust begin to occur in April and continue through November.